Sudan is out of control as 1 million people leave the country, says the UN

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After four months of war, more than a million people have left Sudan for neighboring countries, and people inside the country are running out of food and dying because they can’t get medical care.

Fighting between the Sudanese army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) has destroyed the capital Khartoum and led to attacks in Darfur based on ethnicity. This could lead to a long civil war in Sudan and make the area less stable.

“Farmers don’t have much time left to plant food that will feed themselves and their neighbors. There are not many medical products. In a joint statement, U.N. agencies said, “The situation is getting out of hand.”

“At the end of the day, this war will end at a negotiating table,” said Malik Agar, the deputy head of the Sovereign Council. This could be a sign that the army is softening its position, since people have been through a lot.

There are an estimated 3,433,025 people who have been forced to move within Sudan because of the war, according to the latest weekly figures from the IOM. Many of these people were already living in countries with their own wars or economic problems.

Tensions about a planned change to civilian rule led to fighting on April 15. Since then, civilians in the city and elsewhere have been exposed to battles and attacks every day.

Millions of people still live in Khartoum and cities in Darfur and Kordofan, where there has been a lot of theft and long power, water, and internet outages.

“The remains of many of those killed have not been collected, identified, or buried,” said Elizabeth Throssell, a spokesperson for the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, at a briefing in Geneva. The U.N. believes that more than 4,000 people have been killed.

Laila Baker, who works for the U.N. Population Fund, said that the number of reports of sexual assaults has gone up by 50%.

BLACKOUT

A statement from the national energy authority says that large parts of the country have been without power since Sunday. Mobile networks have also been down since then.

Agar said that the situation meant that a caretaker government was needed to run services and help rebuild.

The U.N. says that up to 13,500 people have lost their homes or had them harmed because of seasonal rains that make water-borne diseases more likely.

General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, head of the army, said in a speech on Monday that the RSF wanted to “take the country back to a time before the modern state” and “commit every crime that can be imagined.”

The RSF says that the army is trying to take full power with the help of supporters of Omar al-Bashir, the dictator who was overthrown in 2019 by a popular movement.

Saudi Arabia and the U.S. have been trying to negotiate a ceasefire in the current war, but they haven’t been able to make much progress. Meanwhile, it’s been hard for humanitarian organizations to help because of insecurity, looting, and red tape.