IOM More than 3 million people have been displaced by the fighting in Sudan

According to estimates from the International Organization for Migration, more than 3 million people have been displaced by the violence between armed factions in Sudan that started about three months ago.

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According to figures released late on Tuesday, more than 2.4 million people have been internally displaced, and more than 730,000 have migrated into neighboring nations. The majority of refugees have either left the capital Khartoum, where a power struggle between the army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) erupted on April 15, or Darfur, where violence against certain ethnic groups has increased.

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“In light of the failure of regional and international efforts at mediation, U.N. officials have warned that Sudan may degenerate into civil war.”

Volker Perthes, a special representative of the United Nations, stated in Belgium that “this war won’t end shortly.” A number of cease-fire agreements have been broken and “have basically been used by the parties to reposition themselves,” he claimed.

Residents in Omdurman and Bahri, two areas of the larger city, reported hearing fighter jets and artillery fire on Wednesday.

Fighting between the army and strong SPLM rebel units has also been reported in recent days in South Kordofan State and in Blue Nile State close to the Ethiopian border, causing displacement from those regions as well.

Large portions of the capital have been destroyed by the conflict, which has also sparked a surge of attacks in Darfur. Widespread looting, power outages, food and water shortages, the breakdown of health systems, and an increase in sexual violence have all been experienced by civilians.

The number of reported sexual assault cases in Khartoum has increased to 51 since mid-April, according to the Sudanese government’s Combating Violence against Women and Children section, which added that the actual number of instances was probably far higher.

The unit, which is regarded as unbiased, stated in a statement that the majority of victims blamed RSF personnel for the assaults. The RSF has urged citizens to report infractions and warned that anyone found to have committed abuses will face consequences.

The majority of individuals who have fled the Sudan have done so via Egypt in the north or Chad in the west, with significant numbers also entering South Sudan and Ethiopia.

After sharing power with civilians following the overthrow of Omar al-Bashir in a popular uprising four years ago, the army and the RSF took full control in a coup in 2021 then came to blows amid disputes over a planned transition towards elections.

INACCURATE MEDIATIONS

An African-led summit this week in Addis Abeba and discussions organized by Saudi Arabia and the United States in Jeddah that were postponed last month are two examples of international efforts to mediate a ceasefire that have made little headway.

On Thursday, Cairo will host a conference of the neighbors of the Sudan.

Perthes expressed his worries about the fighting factions’ ability to restock from outside the nation to reporters in Brussels. He argued that the combatants should cease the fight and that regional nations shouldn’t resupply them.

Britain on Wednesday announced sanctions on six companies linked to the two forces it said were fuelling the conflict by providing funding and arms, expanding on a previous action by the United States.

“The ongoing conflict in Sudan has resulted in the displacement of over 3 million people, causing immense suffering and instability. Despite international mediation efforts, the situation continues to escalate, posing the risk of further violence and a potential civil war. Urgent action is needed to address the humanitarian crisis and prevent the conflict from deepening.”